10 Windows Command Prompt (CMD) Commands You Must Know

If you’ve ever used Windows, chances are you’ve come across the windows Command Prompt (CMD) at least a few times. Despite its daunting appearance, the Windows Command Prompt is a powerful tool for performing various tasks and fixing computer issues. In this post, we’ll introduce you to 10 must-know CMD commands that can help you navigate your Windows system, perform routine maintenance, and troubleshoot common problems. Whether you’re a seasoned Windows user or just starting out, these commands will prove invaluable.

  1. ipconfig:
    • What it does: This command provides vital information about your computer’s network settings, such as IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway.
    • When to use it: Use ‘ipconfig’ to troubleshoot network connectivity problems or to gather network details.
  2. Tracert:
    • What it does: Tracert helps trace the path a data packet takes from your computer to a specific destination, revealing any network delays or failures.
    • When to use it: Use ‘tracert’ when you suspect network issues or want to analyze the route to a particular location.
  3. Cipher:
    • What it does: Cipher securely wipes data on hard drives, making it nearly impossible to recover previously deleted files.
    • When to use it: Use ‘cipher’ when you need to erase sensitive information or prevent unauthorized access to deleted files.
  4. Powercfg:
    • What it does: Powercfg allows you to manage and examine power settings on your computer, including sleep and hibernation configurations.
    • When to use it: Use ‘powercfg’ when you want to customize power plans or adjust power-related settings.
  5. Tasklist:
    • What it does: Tasklist provides a list of all active processes on your computer, aiding in identifying problematic applications or unknown processes.
    • When to use it: Use ‘tasklist’ to diagnose application issues or spot potentially malicious processes.
  6. Ping:
    • What it does: The ‘ping’ command checks your computer’s connectivity to a specific IP address or domain name, measuring the speed and reliability of the connection.
    • When to use it: Use ‘ping’ to assess the quality of your connection to a particular address.
  7. Netstat:
    • What it does: Netstat offers information about current network connections, including port numbers, local and remote IP addresses, and connection status.
    • When to use it: Use ‘netstat’ to identify which applications or services are using a specific network connection.
  8. Shutdown:
    • What it does: ‘Shutdown’ allows you to restart or shut down your computer from the command line, useful for scheduling or managing multiple machines.
    • When to use it: Use ‘shutdown’ to perform controlled restarts or shutdowns.
  9. SFC (System File Checker):
    • What it does: SFC scans for and repairs damaged system files, addressing errors or crashes caused by corrupted files.
    • When to use it: Use ‘sfc /scannow’ when you suspect system file issues.
  10. Systeminfo:
    • What it does: Systeminfo provides comprehensive details about your operating system, applications, and hardware.
    • When to use it: Use ‘systeminfo’ to get detailed information about your computer.


Mastering the basics of the Windows Command Prompt empowers you to take control of your computer efficiently. While these 10 CMD commands are just the beginning, they cover some of the most commonly used and valuable functions. With practice, you’ll unlock even more potential from this powerful tool.

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